112th INFANTRY REGIMENT :

"Strive Obey Endure"


HISTORY :


1st Battalion 112th:
 

The 1st Battalion 112th Infantry Regiment draws its origins from Civil War era units, including the 13th, 15th, and 17th Regiments and still maintains the right to possess the Silver Bands and Battle Streamers awarded for Battle Service in the Peninsula and Virginia 1861-1863 Campaigns and for participation in the battles of Manassas, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, the Wilderness, and Spottsylvania. On 22 November 1878, the battalion was organized as the 16th Regiment, Pennsylvania National Guard. The Regiment consisted of companies from Erie, McKean, Venango, Elk, Warren, and Crawford counties. The units were located in Erie (Co A), Bradford (Co C), Oil City (Co D), Cooperstown (Co E), Franklin (Co F), Ridgway (Co H), Warren (Co I), and Titusville (Co K). Designated as the 16th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, the unit was mobilized on 28 April 1898 and activated into federal service for the Spanish-American War on 10 May 1898 at their mobilization site, Mt. Gretna, PA. They sailed to Puerto Rico on 5 July 1898 and served with the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps throughout the campaign. The unit was noted for actions in the battle of Coamo, where the Regiment sustained six wounded and one killed in action during a blocking action. The unit was awarded the Battle Streamer marked Puerto Rico for their service. They were mustered out of federal service in December 1898.

WWI 1st Battalion 112th:

On 3 July 1916, the regiment was called to service for Mexican border duty. The unit was transported to and garrisoned at El Paso, Texas for training, but was never utilized due to the ending of hostilities. The unit was mustered into federal active service on 16 July 1917 for service in World War I. On 11 October 1917 the 16th Regiment was re-designated as the 112th Infantry Regiment, became part of the 28th Infantry Division, and was the first war-strength National Guard regiment in the United States. The regiment reached France in May 1918 as part of the American Expeditionary Force. It went onto the line, 4 July 1918, in the Second Battle of the Marne. From that day on, the names Fismes, Fismette, Fond de Mezieres, and Argonne will never be forgotten. Company G and H lost a combined total of 200 men out of 230 when cut off at Fismette and fended off a frontal attack by a thousand German soldiers. The 112th Infantry Regiment returned home in April 1919 and was mustered out of federal service on 6 May 1919 at Camp Dix, New Jersey. The Regiment was awarded Battle Streamers marked Champagne 1918, Champagne-Marne, Aisne-Marne, Oise-Marne, Lorraine 1918, and Meuse-Argonne for their service in France.


30 May 1919: embarcation at Bassene (France)on the USS Santa Olivia...going home 

2nd Battalion 112th:

The 2d Battalion 112th Infantry Regiment heritage can be traced back to the Logan Guards (Lewistown) and the Bellefonte Fencibles both organized in 1858. These units were mustered into federal service during the American Civil War. The Logan Guards were mustered as Company E, 25 Volunteers and then as Company A of the 46th Volunteers and the Bellefonte Fencibles were mustered as Company H, 2d Pennsylvania Volunteers. These units combined have 17 campaign streamers from the American Civil War: Po Valley, Manassas, Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Atlanta, Fredericksburg, Vicksburg, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Appomattox, Virginia 1861, South Carolina 1862, Mississippi 1863, Tennessee 1863. In July 1865, these units were mustered out of federal service. In July 1869 they were reorganized as Hazzards Zouaves. On 05 April 1877, Company C, 5th Infantry (Altoona) was organized and stood up. On 15 July 1871, Sheridan Troop (Tyrone) was organized and stood up.

In 1873, Company G, Monongahela Artillery (Everett) was renamed the Light Guards and then redesignated as Company A, 10th Infantry. They were disbanded 16 July 1883 and reorganized as Company A, 10th Infantry 03 July 1884.

In June 1875, the Logan Guards (Lewistown) were reorganized as Company G (Logan Guards), 5th Infantry Regiment.

In June 1880 Company A, 45th Volunteers were reorganized as Company B, 5th Infantry (Bellefonte Fencibles).

On 11 May 1898 these units were mustered into federal service for the War with Spain. Company C, 5th Infantry was redesignated Company C 5th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. Sheridan Troop was redesignated Sheridan Troop, Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry. Company A, 5th Infantry Regiment (Huntingdon) was organized, stood up and mustered into federal service for the war with Spain. The Lewistown, Tyrone, Everett, and Huntingdon units all served in Puerto Rico during the war. The Altoona and Bellefonte units served in Georgia and Kentucky during the war. They were mustered out of federal service for the Spanish-American War between November 1898 and August 1899.

In January 1910, the Logan Guards (Lewistown) were redesignated as Company M, 8th Infantry Regiment and Company A, 5th Infantry (Huntingdon) was redesignated as Company F, 8th Infantry, Company C, 5th Infantry (Altoona) was redesignated as Company G, 10th Infantry, and Company B, 5th Infantry (Bellefonte) was redesignated Company L, 12th Infantry. In May of the same year Sheridan Troop was assigned to Squadron B which was redesignated as 2d Squadron on 1911.



Casualty List 112th de 1862 à 1865

WWI 2nd Battalion 112th:

In 1914 the 2d Squadron was assigned to the 1st Cavalry and Company L, 12th Infantry was redesignated Troop L, 3rd Cavalry.

The units from Lewistown, Tyrone, Huntingdon, Everett, and Altoona were all mustered into federal service for duty on the Mexican Border in July 1916.

In July 1917, the Lewistown, Tyrone, Huntingdon, Everett, Altoona, and Bellefonte were mustered into federal service for World War I. Collectively they were given credit for participating in Champagne-Marne, Ausne-Marne, Oise-Aisne, Meuse-Argonne, Ypres-Lys, Champagne 1918, and Lorraine 1918. They were all mustered out of federal service in May 1919.


112thIR pre-WWII :


In October 1919 the battalion’s units were Company M, 112th Infantry (Lewistown), 103rd Trench Mortar Battery, 103rd Engineer Battalion (Tyrone), Company F, 112th Infantry (Huntingdon), Company A, 10th Infantry (Everett), Company G, 10th Infantry (Altoona), and Elements of the 108th/109th Field Artillery (Bellefonte). However, these unit designations were short-lived. In 1920, the Tyrone unit was redesignated Troop B, 1st Cavalry and the Bellefonte unit was redesignated Troop L, 1st Cavalry. In 1921, saw many changes in unit designation; Bellefonte was redesignated Troop B, 52nd Machine Gun Squadron, the Altoona unit was redesignated as Company G, 110th Infantry, The Everett unit was redesignated as Company A, 110th Infantry. The Huntingdon unit was redesignated Company F, 8th Infantry. The Tyrone unit was redesignated Troop B, 104th Cavalry and the Lewistown unit was redesignated Troop C, 52nd Machine Gun Squadron.

During 1921, Company D, 1st Engineers was organized and stood –up. This company was also in Altoona. This unit was redesignated in less than a year. In December 1921, they became 103rd Ordinance Company, Special Troops. This new Altoona unit converted back to an engineer company unit they were redesignated Troop C, 104th Cavalry in 1929. The Bellefonte unit was redesignated Troop L, 103 Cavalry. The Lewistown unit was redesignated as Machine Gun Troop, 104th Cavalry, 22nd Cavalry Division. This unit was redesignated as Service Battery, 166th Field Artillery, then Headquarters Battery, 3rd Battalion 166th Field Artillery, then Headquarters Battery, 2nd Battalion 166th Field Artillery and was mustered into federal service for World War II in February 1941. The Tyrone unit was mustered into federal service for World War II as Troop B, 104 Mechanized Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron. The Huntingdon unit went through several redesignations including a quartermaster company and finally a Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment of the 154th Transportation Truck Battalion. Company A, 110th Infantry (Everett) and Company G, 110th Infantry (Altoona) unit were both mustered into federal service for World War II in February 1941. The other Altoona unit was muster into federal service for home station duty during World War II as Battery B, 200th Field Artillery. The Bellefonte unit was mustered into federal service in January 1941 as Battery B, 190th Field Artillery.
 

WWII :


The 112th Infantry Regiment was inducted into Federal Service on 17 February 1941 at Kane, Pennsylvania, and moved to the Indiantown Gap Military Reservation ten days later.
 

27/11/41: 112th on maneuvres in the Carolinas

16 December 1941: mortar training, from left to right: Cpl.Tricarico et Sgt.William, 112thIR

It then moved, together with its parent 28th Division, through Camp Livingston, Louisianna, Camp Gordon Johnston, Florida, and Camp Pickett, Virginia in preparation for over seas duties.  It moved to Camp Miles Standish, Massachussetts on 28 September 1943 and spent some ten days further in preparation and loading. It departed Boston for Europe on October 8, 1943. It arrived in England ten days later.



22 July 1944: Dodge WC52 with trailer from Service Co.112thIR arrives at Omaha

The 28th Division was on reserve on D-Day in England. Eventually, the 112th boarded ship and crossed the channel.

Although the entire regiment would not be ashore till D+46, July 22, 1944, the first elements ashore went right into combat trying to breakout of the Normandy Beachhead. Re-designated as the 112th Infantry Regimental Combat Team which consisted of the 112th Infantry Regiment, the 229th Field Artillery Battalion, the 103rd Engineer Battalion, Company C/447th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion, and Company C/630th Tank Destroyer Battalion.

The 28th Division entered combat in the hedgerows North and West of St. Lo. The hedgerows were thick growth on embankments which had built up over the centuries as Norman farmers moved rocks and rubbish to the edges of their fields.  Battles would be fought from one small field to th next, each a natural fortress. The Regiment plowed through France participating in the capture of  Paris on august 29th. 

    


Parade Paris 29-08-1944

The 112th Regiment with the 28th Division crossed into Belgium on 7 September, 1944 and into Holland the next day. Three days later the unit moved into Germany. The 28h Division, at times with its Regiments working as part of other Divisions, then threw itself against the West Wall, the German fortifications along its Western Border.

After a brief rest, the Division renewed is attack on October 8, 1944. The 28th Division fought back and forth in the Huertgen Forest. gaining and then losing ground repeatedly. By the time it's men reached Schmidt, which was described as a little village, the unit had lost so many men that they were all mixed up with other units of our battalion : wherever they would meet, they would just band together and try to hang on.

The American forces would take Schmidt only to be surrounded and forced to withdraw through the Germans. Then they would be ordered back to the attack.  Schmidt changed hands several times.
 

Evacuation by all means...picture taken near Schmidt,  November 1944

The 28th advanced slowy against stiff opposition. By the battle's end, the 112th Regiment had lost about 75% of its strength of 2,000 men. The 112th Regiment was withdrawn from the Battle due to casualties and fatigue on 17 November, 1944. The 110th Regiment of the 28th was similarly withdrawn two days later. The entire Division, battel weary, was relieved on November 19th by the 8th Division.

The 28th Infantry Division was moved to a quiet sector of the front to rest and recuperate in Luxembourg.  The Division was to hold a 25 mile front line along the Our River. This deployment was unfortunate. The 28th Divison was square in the line of the German counter attack now known as the « Battle of the Bulge ». On December 16, 1944 the German Ardennes counter-offensive hit the division all along its front.  The 112th Infantry Regimental Combat Team was holding a 6-1/2 mile sector in which the Germans attacked with 9 Divisions. On 16 Dec 1944 the 112th Infantry Regimental Combat Team from Lutz Kampen, Germany to Lieler, Luxembourg, was holding 6-1/2 miles of the front line sector assigned to the 28th Infantry Division. During the period 16 to 18 Dec 1944, despite repeated infantry and tank attacks involving the elements of nine enemy divisions, the 112th Infantry Regimental Combat Team held its ground. In this period it inflicted estimated casualties on the enemy of 1,600, including over 200 prisoners taken and successfully evacuated. All elements of the 112th Infantry Regimental Combat Team were involved in this action. The 229th Field Artillery Battalion was engaged in direct fire on the enemy at a range of 150 yards. The Cannon Company of the 112th Regiment and Company C 630th Tank Destroyer Battalion, by direct fire, succeeded in disabling 18 enemy tanks. Company C 103rd Engineering Battalion together with the 2nd Battalion 112th Infantry Regiment, repeatedly counter-attacked enemy penetrations. The Headquarters, Headquarters Company and Service Company manned the lines and drove off by fire a number of groups of the enemy which had infiltrated into the rear areas. The Kitchens, being overrun on night of 16-17 Dec. 1944, the kitchen personnel fought with rifles to recover the positions.  All this was done under withering small-arms and artillery fire from enemy positions throughout the entire front. On the night of 17-18 Dec. 1944, under orders from higher headquarters, the 112th Infantry Regimental Combat Team was withdrawn to the high ground west of the Our River. This withdrawal was accomplished successfully in spite of strong enemy infiltration's throughout the entire sector. From 18 until 23 Dec. 1944 the 112th Infantry Regimental Combat Team was continually engaged in rear guard action covering the withdrawal of the right flank of the First American Army.

On the night of 23-24 Dec. 1944, the action of the 112th Infantry Regimental Combat Team was especially notable. Being ordered by higher headquarters to act as a covering force for units withdrawing to the American lines, it held its position under furious enemy infantry and tank attacks until the Regimental Headquarters and 1st Battalion 112th Infantry were surrounded. The 1st Battalion then fought its way clear to friendly lines, bringing with it a number of vehicles and personnel of other units. The gallantry under extremely hazardous and physically trying conditions, the stubborn defense of the sectors assigned to them, and the heroic conduct of all personnel of the 112th Regimental Combat Team, in nine days of continuous fighting, exemplify the highest traditions of the armed forces of the United States.The Combat Team inflicted 1600 casualties and destroyed 18 tanks during 9 days of continuous actions.




The Regiment was awarded Battle Streamers marked Normandy, Northern France, Ardennes-Alsace, Rhineland, and Central Europe for their service in World War II. The unit was also awarded the Presidential Unit Citation for their actions during the « Battle of the Bulge », 16-24 December 1944. The unit was mustered out of federal service on 6 December 1945 from Camp Shelby, Mississippi.


After WWII :

In 1947, the Lewistown unit was redesignated Headquarters and Service Battery, 176th Field Artillery Battalion. In 1949, the Bellefonte unit was redesignated Battery B, 688th Field Artillery. In August 1950 the Lewistown unit was mustered into federal service for the Korean War. They were released from Active Duty in 1953 and were redesignated Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 3rd Battalion 104th Cavalry.

1959 is when this organization began to resemble the current organizational structure. The Lewistown company was consolidated with another company and became Headquarters and Headquarter Troop, 3rd Reconnaissance Squadron, 104th Armored Cavalry Regiment. The Tyrone unit was reorganized and redesignated Troop M, 3rd of the 104th ACR. The Huntingdon unit became Troop K, 3rd of the 104th ACR and one of the Altoona companies became Howitzer Battery, 3rd Battalion 104th Cavalry. The Bellefonte unit was designated as Troop L, 3rd Reconnaissance Squadron of the 104th ACR. The Everett unit remained with the 110th Infantry and the remaining Altoona unit was Company C in the 103rd Armor.


Chronology :
1944

07/24 : arrives on continent

07/26 : joins XIX Corps

08/01 : capture Percy (close to Tessy); Hill 210, Maupartuia

08/02 : Saint Martin's day

08/03 : La Chienne de la Plaine

08/04 : Mesnil

08/05 : Saint Manvieu de Bocage

08/06 : Hill 193; SE of Saint-Manvieu de Bocage

08/08 : towards Julliere

08/09 : not able to progress in Gathemo area; 246 Hill, in the south of Saint-Germain de Tallevande

08/10 : passing Gathemo, RJ 338, in the south of the hill 246

08/11 : displacement SE of Gathemo

08/12 : on the line of Sourdeval, Saint-Saver-of-Chaulieu on the left

08/13 : near Etan, no resistance

08/14 : in reserve after passing German border

08/15 : near Beauchine

08/19 : concentration in zone of  Montagne

08/21 : moves upwards Verneuil; march 4km in the east of  Montagne de Bivouac

08/22 : passes Verneuil; reaching Evreux, in advance point 2km north of Breteuil

08/23 : advance towards Conches Emanville

08/26 : at Roudan, 40km east

08/27 : Versailles

08/28 : joins V Corps, Paris

08/29 : March on the Champs Elysées

08/30 : advance on Survillers

08/31 : halt at point near Senlis

09/01 : Compeigne

09/02 : Bethancourt

09/03 : Noyens

09/04 : return to Compeigne, Soissons, Neufchatel, in Herpy

09/05 : Neuvizy

09/06 : Thelonns

09/07 : 15km east of Sedan; Liney

09/08 : between Jemelle and Margut; crossing Belgian border; Haudrigney

09/09 : North-East of Chatillon

09/10 : full advance passing Bastogne, Longvilly, Wiltz, Selange, Arlon bypassing Messancy, till 1 mile east of Guerlange

09/11 : advance on Arlon 7 miles north, then return to Luxembourg, Senningen

09/12 : Sevenig, Junglinster

09/13 : West Wall attacks

09/14 : major assault West Wall

09/15 : joins 5th AD; Biersdorf , moves on to Stockight SE

09/17 : strong enemy resistance

09/18 : assemble at Beidweiler, joining up with Wallendorf to stop for the night

09/19 : 112th HQ relieves battalions to reduce the perimeter of Wallendorf bridge; relieve 1st Battalion, passing Wallendorf, periphery of Beindorf (could be Riesdorf), close to Crutchen

09/20 : retreat Wallendorf, to cross the river, set up in CP Riesdorf

09/21 : retreat on Bettendorf

09/22 : at Eschweiler for two days

09/24 : return to Beidweiler

09/26 : 2km south of Burg-Reuland on the German border

09/28 : Schnee Eiffel, east of Buchet

09/29 : Kutzenich, then retreat by truck to point south of Burg-Reuland

10/07 : advance on West Wall

10/08 : meetings far away German defense West Wall

10/25 : battle to help 9th Div. in order to capture Schmidt

10/30 : Vossenack-Schmidt line set up

11/02 : 2nd Battalion seizes Vossenack peak

11/03 : cross-country Kall river, by holding Kommerscheidt and Schmidt

11/05 : German re-occupies Kall bridge, regular artillery on Vossenack weakening defenders

11/06 : 12th Infantry starts to relieve the 28thID near Vossenack

11/07 : fighting during withdrawal Kall bridgehead near Kommerscheidt

11/10 : limited progress, close to Huertgen

11/14 : 28thID displaced to XIII Corps sector

11/19 : 8th Div helps 28thID Vossenack/Schmidt

12/16 : retreat under enemy attack

12/17 : 28thID near Wiltz

12/18 : 28thID not able to stop german attack, completely disorganized

12/19 : ordered to give up Wiltz

12/20 : 112th defends St.Vith

12/27 : RCT 112 reinforced by  9th Armored Div

12/28 : RCT 112, 9th AD, CCB, supports 3rd and 75e Armored Division
1945

01/03 : 28thID defends Meuse between Givet & Verdun

01/06 : 112th attacks south of Spineux Wanne

01/07 : RCT 112 seizes Spineux, Wanne, Wanneranval

01/16 : 28thID attached to 7th Army

01/18,19 : relieves 3rd Div in 2nd Corps area

01/20 : takes the command of the south-western sector from Sigolsheim to Valtin

01/25 : along the Weiss river

01/28 : Valtin starting from the Ill river, 2 miles North-East of Colmar

01/30 : objective limited to north of Colmar

CASUALTY STATISTICS


Entered Combat : 27 July 1944

Days in Combat : 196

Battle Casualties : 15094

Non-battle Casualties : 8936

Total : 24840

 

AWARDS & CITATIONS

Congressional Medal of Honor : 1

Distinguished Service Cross : 18

Distinguished Service Medal : 1

Legion of Merit : 8

Silver Star : 359

Soldier's Medal : 15

Bronze Star : 2627

Air Medal : 101

 

Crest :



Description:

A Silver color metal and enamel device 1 5/32 inches (2.94 cm) in height overall consisting of shield blazoned:  Argent (Silver Gray), issuant in fess a bridge of one arch Sable masoned of the first, the center portion shot away, in chief a cross patée Azure and a Spanish castle Gules; in base a lion rampant of the third grasping a cross of Lorraine of the fourth.  Attached below and to the sides of the shield a Silver scroll inscribed “STRIVE OBEY ENDURE” in Blue letters.

Symbolism:

To the old coat of arms of the 112th Infantry Regiment are added a rampant lion as found on the arms of Belgium and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg grasping a red cross of the province of Lorraine in France.  The lion is in the Infantry color and both symbols represent the locale of the Regiment’s combat in World War II.  The shield is white, the old Infantry color.  Service in the Civil War is shown by the cross patée, the badge of the 5th Corps, 3rd Division, in which the organization served in that war.  The Spanish castle indicates service in Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American War, while the bridge, which is a representation of the bridge over the Vesle River at Fismes, France, where the Regiment saw its hardest fighting, symbolizes service in the World War I.




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